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Copa-Cogeca – EU code of conduct on agricultural data sharing by contractual agreement

 

Farmers desperately need access to new technologies in order to compete on world markets. Innovation is crucial.
Daniel Azevedo, Director Commodities, Trade and Technology at Copa-Cogeca

Data sharing in Agriculture

By now, we have seen many examples of how Agriculture is pioneering data sharing governance. Agriculture was the first sector responding to the Commission call for sectorial self-regulatory approaches on data sharing. The sector has good reasons to move fast:

Modern farms create a huge amount of data. Machines are increasingly equipped with sensors that measure, for example, product quality, temperature, and water usage. Smart sensors on fields examine ground conditions and pest developments, and GPS-guided tractors produce data about the dimensions and location of the fields, the position of obstacles, and exact crop position. Field sensor data, for example, can be combined with weather data and applied to artificial intelligence to predict droughts or diseases that could damage harvests; data from milk machinery can be translated into insights that show farmers at one glance the health of their cows. Data offers a lot of opportunities for farm businesses and has the potential to enable sustainable innovation and growth. 1

“Farmers desperately need access to new technologies in order to compete on world markets. Innovation is crucial.” Says Copa-Cogeca Director Commodities, Trade and Technology  Daniel Azevedo.

A premise for sustainable innovation in the agricultural sector is that the data needs to be shared. Whereas data about the number of sick dairy cows on an individual farm might reveal nothing remarkable, when combined and integrated with data from thousands of other farms, patterns might be discovered, and steps can be taken accordingly.2 Important is, according to Azevedo, that farmers have control over who uses the data that is produced on their farms and for what purposes, to make sure it benefits them and their businesses.

Copa - Cogeca

“Copa and Cogeca are the united voice of farmers and agri-cooperatives in the EU. Together, they ensure that EU agriculture is sustainable, innovative, and competitive, guaranteeing food security to half a billion people throughout Europe. Copa represents over 13 million farmers and their families whilst Cogeca represents the interests of 22,000 agricultural cooperatives. They have 66 member organisations from the EU member states.”3 Read more about Copa - Cogeca on their website.

Copa - Cogeca’s EU code of conduct on agricultural data sharing by contractual agreement

The EU code of conduct on agricultural data sharing was created jointly by the signatory organisations to provide support on contractual relations and provide guidance on re-using and sharing agricultural data.

As a basis, the code of conduct provides definitions for roles and processes in data sharing in agriculture. Based on those definitions the code of conduct introduces default principles related to five categories:

  • Attribution of the underlying rights to derive data (Also referenced as data ownership)
  • Data access, control and portability
  • Data protection and transparency
  • Privacy and security
  • Liability and intellectual property right

The principles clarify originator and operator of data and protect the sovereignty of the data originator: “when data is produced by an agri-chain operator due to their activity or is commissioned by this operator, the operator is considered the data originator. The right to determine who can access and use the data is attributed to this operator.” or “ The collection, access, storage and usage of the collected agricultural data can only occur once the data originator has granted their explicit, express and informed permission via contractual arrangement.”4

In addition to the principles, the code of conduct also references to the most relevant regulatory frameworks on the sharing of agricultural data and lists the main legal principles for a “balanced” contract for agricultural data sharing.

Listen to the interview with Daniel Azevedo to learn more about the code of conduct and data sharing in Agriculture in Europe and beyond.

Name

 Copa - Cogeca

Sector

 Agriculture

Region

 Europe

Countries

 Europe

Time

 2017 - ongoing

URL

 https://cema- agri.org/images/publications/brochures/EU_Code_of_conduct_on_agricultural_data_sharing_by_contractual_agreement_2020_ENGLISH.pdf

Business model

 Government-to-Business, Business-to-Business, Business-to-Government

Participants

 European farmers, Agri-cooperatives and Agri-businesses

Type of organisation

 Interest group for European farmers

Data sharing model(s)

Data Sharing via a trusted intermediary, sector governance, legal framework

Core impact

The EU code of conduct on agricultural data sharing provides support and guidance on contractual relations and governance when re-using and sharing agricultural data.

Context

A premise for sustainable innovation in the agricultural sector is that the data produced needs to be shared. Farmers need to have control over who uses the data that is produced on their farms and for what purposes, to make sure it benefits them and their businesses.

  • 1. https://eudatasharing.eu/examples/data-sharing-agricultural-sector
  • 2. https://eudatasharing.eu/examples/data-sharing-agricultural-sector
  • 3. https://cema-agri.org/images/publications/brochures/EU_Code_of_conduct_on_agricultural_data_sharing_by_contractual_agreement_2020_ENGLISH.pdf
  • 4. https://cema-agri.org/images/publications/brochures/EU_Code_of_conduct_on_agricultural_data_sharing_by_contractual_agreement_2020_ENGLISH.pdf

Picture of Daniel Azevedo
credito d'immagine:
(c) 2021, Support Centre for Data Sharing