Last month, the European Council and the European Parliament reached a provisional agreement on the Data Governance Act (DGA), providing more clarity on the inner workings of the act. The DGA will establish:
- Wide reuse of certain types of protected public-sector data. For instance, trade secrets, personal data, and data protected by intellectual property rights. Protecting privacy and confidentially is crucial here so public sector bodies will need to be technically equipped to deal with these data securely. The Commission will set up a searchable electronic register of public sector data, accessible via national information points as well.
- A framework for data intermediation services where companies and individuals can share data. This can take the form of a digital platform for example, where voluntary or mandatory (i.e. legally required) data sharing takes place. This is beneficial for companies as it eliminates the fear of misuse of their data or loss of their competitive advantage. For individuals, the services will help them to have full control over their data and choose to share it only with a company they trust through personal information management tools such as personal data spaces or data wallets.
- Data altruism for the common good. Organisations that collect data serving a general interest, such as medical research, may apply to be listed in a national register of recognised data altruism organisations. This will encourage individuals to donate data to these organisations and will make it easier for organisations to use data for societal good.
According to Boštjan Koritnik, President of the Council:
“The Data Governance Act is a major milestone that will boost the data-driven economy in Europe in the years to come. By enabling control and creating trust, it will help unlock the potential of vast amounts of data generated by businesses and individuals. This is indispensable for the development of artificial intelligence applications and critical for the EU’s global competitiveness in this area. Data-powered innovations will help us address a range of societal challenges and drive economic growth, which is so important for the post-COVID recovery.”
The provisional agreement is currently to be approved by the European Council.